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Pd Particles Size-control of Pd/C and Its Effect on Catalytic Reduction of Polychloronitrobenzene


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Pd Particles Size-control of Pd/C and Its Effect on Catalytic Reduction of Polychloronitrobenzene
GU Xu12LI Dong2JIANG Jin-long2LIU Xiao-qin1
1.College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Nanjing University of Technology,Nanjing 210009,China;2.Faculty of Life Science and Chemical Engineering,Huaiyin Institute of Technology,Huaian 223003,China
charcoal palladium polychloronitrobenzene catalytic reduction
To control the excessive dechlorination of polychloronitrobenzene hydrogenation to produce polychloroaniline,the effects of nitric acid concentration,catalyst reduction temperature and time in the preparation of Pd/C catalyst on the Pd particle size and catalytic hydrogenation activity and selectivity are investigated.The results indicate that the Pd/C catalytic activity decreases as the Pd particle sizes increase,and the catalyst selectivity goes up;the dispersion and particle sizes of Pd go up first and then down with the increase of nitric acid concentration;the elevated reduction temperature and time yields larger Pd particles;the optimal Pd catalyst with the particle sizes from 16 to 20 nm can be prepared on 15% nitric acid by reduction under hydrogen atmosphere at 200~250 ℃ for 4~5 h;the catalyst shows relatively high hydrogenation activity and selectivity in the hydrogenation reduction of polychloronitrobenzene;the yield can reach more than 99% and the selectivity for pentachloroaniline can reach above 96%.


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Last Update: 2012-11-02