|Table of Contents|

Output Voltage Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Based on Fuzzy PID


Research Field:
Publishing date:


Output Voltage Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Based on Fuzzy PID
QI Zhi-dongPENG Fu-mingLIU MengZHANG XuLIU Shi-jian
School of Automation,NUST,Nanjing 210094,China
proton exchange membrane fuel cell adaptation proportional integral derivative voltage control fuzzy controller
In order to keep the output voltage of proton exchange membrane fuel cell(PEMFC)stable,a dynamic control model of voltage is proposed.An adaptive fuzzy proportional integral derivative(PID)controller is designed.The parameters of the PID controller are adjusted by three fuzzy controllers instantaneously.The output voltage is controlled by adjusting the flow rate of hydrogen when the load of the fuel cell changes.The simulation results show that the proposed model can effectively describe the dynamic performance of PEMFC.Compared with the PID controller,the adaptive fuzzy PID controller can control the fuel cell’s output voltage reach the set value more smoothly and quickly.


[1] 衣宝廉. 燃料电池—原理·技术·应用[M]. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2003.
[2] 马建新,衣宝廉,明平文. 氢能及燃料电池技术的发展[J]. 电气技术, 2004, 11: 21-27.
MA Jianxin, Yi Baolian, Ming Pingwen. The development of hydrogen and fuel cell technology[J]. Electrical Technology, 2004, 11: 21-27.
[3] 孙涛,曹广益,朱新坚. PEMFC 电化学建模及PID 控制[J]. 计算机仿真, 2006, 23( 6) : 236-238.
Sun Tao,Cao Guangyi,Zhu Xinjian. PEMFC electrochemical modeling and PID control[J]. Computer Simulation, 2006, 23( 6) : 236-238.
[4] 苗青,曹广益,朱新坚. 质子交换膜燃料电池电堆温度特性的模糊建模[J]. 上海交通大学学报,2005, 39( 8) : 187-189.
Miao Qing,Cao Guangyi,Zhu Xinjian. Fuzzy modeling of proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack temperature properties [J]. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University, 2005, 39( 8) : 187-189.
[5] Joshua G,Daniel R L. Model-based control of fuel cells [J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2004, 135: 135-151.
[6] Sampath Y,Asad D,Ali F, et al. Modeling and simulation of the dynamic behavior of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell[J]. Power Sources, 2003, 124: 104 -113.
[7] 李奇,陈维荣,刘述奎,等. 质子交换膜燃料电池动态建模及其双模控制[J]. 控制理论与应用,2009, 26( 7) : 809-811.
Li Qi,Chen Weirong,Liu Shukui, et al. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell dynamic modeling and its dual mode control [J]. Control Theory and Applications, 2009, 26( 7) : 809-811.
[8] 褚磊民,卫东,陆勇军,等. 空冷型质子交换膜燃料电池电堆温度控制系统设计[J]. 工业控制计算机, 2009, 22( 10) : 18-20.
Chu Leimin,Wei Dong,Lu Yongjun,et al. Air cold type of proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack temperature control system [J ]. Industrial Control Computer, 2009, 22( 10) : 18-20.
[9] 马银辉. 基于Matlab 的PID 参数自调整的模糊控制器的设计与应用仿真[J]. 发电设备,2005,2: 112 -113.
Ma Yinhui. Based on the Matlab PID parameters adjustment since the design of fuzzy controller and application simulation[J]. Power Generation Equipment, 2005,2 : 112-113.


Last Update: 2012-10-12