|Table of Contents|

Preparation of Oxytetracycline Bacterial Residue ActivatedCarbon by Chemical Activation with Potassium Carbonate

《南京理工大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1005-9830/CN:32-1397/N]

Issue:
2012年06期
Page:
0-
Research Field:
Publishing date:

Info

Title:
Preparation of Oxytetracycline Bacterial Residue ActivatedCarbon by Chemical Activation with Potassium Carbonate
Author(s):
ZHOU Bao hua 12 GAO Qin 2GUO Bin 2ZHU Neng 1
1.School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China; 2.School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018,China
Keywords:
oxytetracycline bacterial residueactivated carbonpotassium carbonatepreparationchemical activation
PACS:
X799
DOI:
-
Abstract:
In order to solve the problem of oxytetracycline bacterial residue disposal of pharmaceutical industry,the activated carbons prepared from oxytetracycline bacterial residue with K2CO3 under chemical activation are investigated here.The properties of the activated carbons under better conditions are performed by sanning electron microscopy and Nitrogen adsorption.Experimental results show that the better process conditions of preparation for oxytetracycline bacterial residue activated carbons are 800 ℃ activation temperature,3 h activation time and 1〖DK〗∶3 activation ratio.The phenol adsorption of these activated carbons is 215 mg/g,the special surface area is 1 593.09 m2/g and the methylene blue adsorption is 117 mg/g.The activated carbons are affluent in pores,which are mainly micropores.The average pore size of the activated carbons is 1.09 nm,and the micropore volume and mesopore volume are 0.54 cm3/g and 0.27 cm3/g respectively.

References:

[1]李锋民,郑浩,邢宝山,等.植物生物质制备活性炭研究进展[J].安徽农业科学,2009,37(28):13730-13735. Li Fengming,Zheng Hao,Xing Baoshan,et al.The plant biomass carbon preparation[J].Anhui Agricultural Science,2009,37(28):13730-13735.
[2]刘波文.青霉素菌丝体理化特性和化学法制备活性炭的研究[D].石家庄:河北科技大学环境工程学院,2010.
[3]GB/T12496.12-1999,木质活性炭试验方法 苯酚吸附值的测定[S].
[4]GB/T12496.10-1999,木质活性炭试验方法 亚甲基蓝吸附值的测定[S]. 
[5]Barrett E P,Joyner L G,Halenda P P.The determination of pore volume and area distributions in porous substances.I.Computations from nitrogen isotherms[J].Journal of the American Chemical Society,1951,73(1):373. 
[6]Gregg S J,Sing K S W.Adsorption surface area and porosity[M].Suffolk,Britain:St Edmundsbury Press,1982:25. 
[7]Ioannidou O,Zabaniotou A.Agricultural residues as precursors for activated carbon production:A review[J].Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review,2007,11(9):1966-2005.
[8]李密.化学活化锯屑制备微孔及中孔活性炭[D].哈尔滨:东北林业大学林产化学加工工程学院,2009. 
[9]Munoz Gaillena M J,LinaresSolano A,SalinasMartinez C.Activated carbon from spanish coals.2.Chemical activation[J].Energy﹠Fuels,1996,10(5):1108-1114.
[10]崔丹丹,蒋剑春,孙康,等.高比表面积竹质活性炭的制备与性能研究[J].林产化学与工业,2010,3(5):57-60. Cui Dandan,Jiang Jianchun,Sun Kang,et al.High surface area activated carbon of bamboo qualitative preparation and performance study[J].Forestry Chemical and Industrial,2010,3(5):57-60.
[11]代晓东.石油焦基活性炭的制备、修饰与应用基础研究[D].北京:中国石油大学化学工程与技术学院,2008.
[12]黄铮.城市污水厂污泥制备活性炭及其吸附性能研究[D].哈尔滨:哈尔滨工业大学市政环境工程学院,2009. 
[13]LilloRodenas M A,Jiang J J,CazoralAmoros D,et al.About reactions occurring during chemical activation with hydroxides[J].Carbon,2004(42):1371-1375. 
[14]Mckee D W.Mechanisms of the alkali metal catalyzed gasification of carbon[J].Fuel,1983,62(2):170-175. 
[15]Sandro A,Betty C,Evens E,et al.Adsorption studies of methylene blue and phenol onto vetiver roots activated carbon prepared by chemical activation[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials,2009,165(1/3):1029-1039.
[16]王琳,王宝祯.饮用水深度处理技术[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2003. 
[17]Khalili N R,Camphell M,Sandi G,et al.Production of microand mesoporous activated carbon from paper mill sludge:Ⅰ.Effect of zinc chloride activated[J].Carbon,2000,38(14):1905-1915. 
[18]Kennedy L J,Vijaya J J,Kayalvizhi K,et al.Adsorption of phenol from aqueous solutions using mesoporous carbon prepared by twostage process[J].Chemical Engineering,2007,132(1/3):279-287.

Memo

Memo:
-
Last Update: 1900-01-01