[1]崔福义,林 涛,马 放,等.水体治理中鲢鳙生物操纵作用的实验研究[J].南京理工大学学报(自然科学版),2004,(06):668-672.
 CUI Fu-yi,LIN Tao,MA Fang,et al.Experimental Studies on Biomanipulation of Silver Carp and Bighead Carp in Water Resources Management[J].Journal of Nanjing University of Science and Technology,2004,(06):668-672.
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水体治理中鲢鳙生物操纵作用的实验研究()
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《南京理工大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1005-9830/CN:32-1397/N]

卷:
期数:
2004年06期
页码:
668-672
栏目:
出版日期:
2004-12-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental Studies on Biomanipulation of Silver Carp and Bighead Carp in Water Resources Management
作者:
崔福义1 林 涛2 马 放1 张立秋1
1. 哈尔滨工业大学市政环境工程学院, 黑龙江哈尔滨150090;
2. 河海大学环境科学与工程学院, 江苏南京210098
Author(s):
CUI Fu-yi 1LIN Tao 2MA Fang 1ZHANG Li-qiu 1
1.School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China;2.College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Hehai University,Nanjing 210098,China
关键词:
鲢鱼 鳙鱼 水蚤 浮游动物 生物操纵
Keywords:
silver carp bighead carp water flea zooplankton biomanipulatio
分类号:
TU991.2
摘要:
针对水体中水蚤类浮游动物的孳生 ,该文提出利用鲢、鳙鱼对其进行生物控制。在 30g/m3 水体的放养生物量下 ,对微型生态系统中鲢、鳙鱼的生物操纵作用进行了实验研究。结果表明 :鲢、鳙鱼的放养 ,尤其是混养可有效抑制水体中水蚤类浮游动物的孳生 ,而且水体中氮、磷等营养物质得到了一定程度的去除、有机物指标下降、溶解氧水平有所提高。在混养系统中 ,浮游藻类尤其是蓝、绿藻的生物量也被控制在较低的水平 ,从而有效控制和缓解了水体富营养化的进程。
Abstract:
An ecological project was put forward for the excess propagation control of zooplankton in wa ter body by stocking silver carp or bighead carp. The biomanipulation of fish was experimentally inves tigated at stocking density of 30 g per cubic meter of water in the microcosms. The experimental results showed that the excess propagat ion of water flea could be effectively controlled and also thewater quali ty was simultaneously improved by stocking silver carp or bighead carp especially poly-culture. During the experiment, the total nitrogen and total phosphorus were decreased to a certain extent, the content of organic matters was reduced and the level of dissolved oxygen was increased. In the microcosms of poly-culture, the phytoplankton, especially the biomass of blue and green algae, was controlled in a lower level. That controlled and deferred the appearance of eutrophication of water body.

参考文献/References:

[ 1]  崔福义, 林涛, 马放, 等. 水源中水蚤类浮游动物的孳生与生态控制研究[ J] . 哈尔滨工业大学学报, 2002, 34 ( 3) : 399~ 403.
[ 2] Gophen M. Biomanipulation: Retrospective and future development[ J] . Hydrobiologia, 1990, 200/ 201: 1~ 11.
[ 3] Lammens E H R R, Gulatai R D,Meijer M L. The first biomanipulation conference: A synthesis[ J] . Hydrobiolo gia, 1990, 200/ 201: 619~ 627.
[ 4] Boers P, Ballegooijen L V, Uunk J. Changes in phosphorus cycling in a shallow lake due to food web manipulation [ J] . Freshwat Biol, 1991, 25: 9~ 20.
[ 5]  陈少莲, 刘肖芳, 华俐. 鲢、鳙在东湖生态系统的氮、磷循环中的作用[ J] . 水生生物学报, 1991, 15( 1) : 8~ 26.
[ 6]  Smith D W. Biological control of excessive phytoplankton growth and the enhancement of aquacultural production [ J] . Can J Fish Aqua Sci, 1985, 42: 1 940~ 1 945.
[ 7]  李琪. 鲢鱼对浮游生物群落结构的影响[ J] . 生态学报, 1993, 13: 30~ 37.
[ 8]  Xie P. Experimental studies on the role of planktivorous fishes in the elimination of microcystis bloom from Donghu Lake using enclosure method[ J] . Chin J Oceanol Limnol, 1996, 14( 3) : 193~ 204.
[ 9] Starling F L R M. Control of eutrophication by silver carp ( Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in the tropical paranoareservoir ( Brasilia, Brazil) : A mesocosm experiment[ J] . Hydrobiologia, 1993, 257: 143~ 152

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目: 国家"863"重大科技项目( 2002AA601140)
作者简介: 崔福义( 1958- ) , 男, 黑龙江哈尔滨人, 教授, 博士, 主要研究方向: 给水处理, E-mail: cuifuyi@ public. hr. hl. cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-03-11