[1]田晔非,王林泓.考虑剩余能量和通信代价的传感器网络路由算法[J].南京理工大学学报(自然科学版),2018,42(01):96.[doi:10.14177/j.cnki.32-1397n.2018.42.01.014]
 Tian Yefei,Wang Linhong.Routing algorithm for wireless sensor networks by consideringresidual energy and communication cost[J].Journal of Nanjing University of Science and Technology,2018,42(01):96.[doi:10.14177/j.cnki.32-1397n.2018.42.01.014]
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考虑剩余能量和通信代价的传感器网络路由算法()
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《南京理工大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1005-9830/CN:32-1397/N]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
96
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Routing algorithm for wireless sensor networks by considering residual energy and communication cost
文章编号:
1005-9830(2018)01-0096-06
作者:
田晔非12王林泓2
1.重庆大学 电气工程学院,重庆 400044; 2.重庆电子工程职业学院,重庆 401331
Author(s):
Tian Yefei12Wang Linhong2
1.College of Electrical Engineering,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400044,China; 2.Chongqing College of Electronic Engineering,Chongqing 401331,China
关键词:
传感器节点 路由机制 生存周期 剩余能量
Keywords:
sensor nodes routing mechanism lifetime residual energy
分类号:
TP391
DOI:
10.14177/j.cnki.32-1397n.2018.42.01.014
摘要:
路由能耗直接影响无线传感器的寿命,针对当前无线传感器网络路由算法存在的能量利用率低、严重不均衡等难题,设计了一种基于考虑剩余能量和通信代价的传感器网络路由算法。该算法首先从簇首选择问题入手,全面考虑所有传感器节点剩余能量进行簇首选择和竞争,选择最优传感器节点作为簇首,防止剩余能量最少的传感器节点成为簇首; 然后选择通信代价小、剩余能量多的传感器作为通信的中继节点,均衡各节点的能耗,最后采用仿真工具NS2对路由算法的性能进行测试与分析。测试结果表明,该路由算法减少了无线传感器通信的能量消耗,延迟了传感器节点的死亡时间,改善了能量的有效性。
Abstract:
Energy consumption of routing directly affects the wireless sensor network life,but the existing wireless sensor network routing algorithm has low energy utilization,serious imbalance problem. This paper designs a wireless sensor network routing algorithm based on energy balance. Firstly,comprehensive consideration of the residual energy of cluster head selection and competition of all the sensor nodes,optimal selection of sensor nodes is selected as cluster heads to prevent the least residual energy of sensor nodes to become cluster head; and secondly,the sensor with low communication cost and more residual energy is selected as relay communication node to balance energy consumption of each node; at last the performance of the routing algorithm is tested on simulation tool NS2. The test results show that the proposed routing algorithm reduces the energy consumption of wireless sensor communication,delays the death time of sensor nodes,and improves the effectiveness of energy.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-06-09 修回日期:2018-01-11 基金项目:重庆市教委科学技术研究项目(KJ1729404) 作者简介:田晔非(1983-),男,博士生,主要研究方向:电气工程,电力电子,自动控制,E-mail:tiangfe201825@163.com; 通讯作者:王林泓(1974-),女,博士,教授,主要研究方向:无线传感网,通信工程,E-mail:wanglinhong023@sina.com。 引文格式:田晔非,王林泓. 考虑剩余能量和通信代价的传感器网络路由算法[J]. 南京理工大学学报,2018,42(1):96-101. 投稿网址:http://zrxuebao.njust.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-28