[1]叶志文,吕春绪,刘祖亮.混合表面活性剂在硝酸铵饱和溶液中的物化性质[J].南京理工大学学报(自然科学版),1999,(02):74-77.
 Ye Zhiwen Lu Chunxu Liu Zhuliang.The Physico chemical Properties of the Composite Surfactant in Saturated Solution of Ammonium Nitrate[J].Journal of Nanjing University of Science and Technology,1999,(02):74-77.
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混合表面活性剂在硝酸铵饱和溶液中的物化性质()
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《南京理工大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1005-9830/CN:32-1397/N]

卷:
期数:
1999年02期
页码:
74-77
栏目:
出版日期:
1999-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Physico chemical Properties of the Composite Surfactant in Saturated Solution of Ammonium Nitrate
作者:
叶志文吕春绪刘祖亮
南京理工大学化工学院, 南京210094
Author(s):
Ye Zhiwen Lu Chunxu Liu Zhuliang
School of Chemical Engineering,NUST,Nanjing210094
关键词:
表面活性剂 硝酸铵 表面活性
Keywords:
surfactants ammonium nit rate surface act iv ity
分类号:
S143.12,TQ423.99
摘要:
该文测定并比较了阴离子表面活性剂(C1225SONa)与阳离子表面活性剂(C1837NH CHCOO)混合体系在硝酸铵饱和溶液中的一系列物理化学性质;计算了混合表面活性剂在硝酸铵饱和溶液中的饱和吸附量以及分子间作用参数。结果表明,混合表面活性剂在硝酸铵饱和溶液中的稳定性、表面活性、起泡性及饱和吸附量,均优于其组成的单一表面活性剂体系;理论计算表明,等摩尔混合表面活性剂分子间作用参数的绝对值大于非等摩尔体系;同时讨论了阴、阳离子表面活性剂之间的相互作用机理
Abstract:
A series physico-chemical propert ies of the composite surfactant , formed by mixing anionic surfactant ( C12H25SO4Na) w ith cationic surfactant ( C18H37NH+ 3 CH3COO- ) in saturated solut ion of AN have been measured and compared; the saturat ion adsorpt ion capacity and interact ion parameter betw een molecules of the composite surfactant in saturated solution of AN have been calculated. The result s show that the stability , surface act ivt ity, foaming ability and saturat ion adsorption capacity of the composite surfactant in saturated solut ion of AN are much higher than any one of components in the composite surfactant . T heoretical calculat ion shows that absolute value of interact ion parameter of equal molar rat ion of compost ie surfactant is bigger than that of unequal molar ratio composite surfactant and the interaction mechanism of the composite surfactant formed by mixing anionic surfactant w ith cat ionic surfactant is discussed.

参考文献/References:

1 吕春绪. 表面活性理论与技术. 南京: 江苏科学技术出版社, 1991. 136
2 陆明, 刘祖亮, 陈天云. 新型粉状工业炸药及其经济效益. 南京理工大学学报, 1994, 18( 1) : 78~ 81
3 朱步瑶, 刘迎清1 表面活性剂起泡性研究1 精细化工, 1993, 10( 5) : 2~ 5
4 赵国玺. 表面活性剂物理化学. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 1991. 118
5 Rubingh D N, Mittal K L. Solution chemistr y of surfactants( Vol. 1) . New Yor k: Plenum Pr ess,1979. 337

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
叶志文 男 31 岁 工程师
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-03-29