[1]赵祎乾,吴天宇,顾 森,等.基于人机工效的瞄准机手轮安装方式优化设计[J].南京理工大学学报(自然科学版),2019,43(06):727-738.[doi:10.14177/j.cnki.32-1397n.2019.43.06.009]
 Zhao Yiqian,Wu Tianyu,Gu Sen,et al.Optimized design of mounting mode of sighting devicehandwheel based on human-machine ergonomics[J].Journal of Nanjing University of Science and Technology,2019,43(06):727-738.[doi:10.14177/j.cnki.32-1397n.2019.43.06.009]
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基于人机工效的瞄准机手轮安装方式优化设计()
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《南京理工大学学报》(自然科学版)[ISSN:1005-9830/CN:32-1397/N]

卷:
43卷
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
727-738
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Optimized design of mounting mode of sighting devicehandwheel based on human-machine ergonomics
文章编号:
1005-9830(2019)06-0727-12
作者:
赵祎乾1吴天宇1顾 森2李亚军1叶 林3
1.南京理工大学 机械工程学院,江苏 南京 210094; 2.西安工业大学 艺术与传媒学院,陕西 西安 710032; 3.南京理工大学 设计艺术与传媒学院,江苏 南京 210094
Author(s):
Zhao Yiqian1Wu Tianyu1Gu Sen2Li Yajun1Ye Lin3
1.School of Mechanical Engineering,Nanjing University of Science and Technology,Nanjing 210094,China; 2.School of Art and Media,Xi’an Technological University,Xi’an 710032,China; (3.School of Design Art and Media,Nanjing University of Science and Techno
关键词:
人机工效 瞄准机 手轮 安装方式 车载炮 人机仿真实验 灰色关联方法
Keywords:
human-machine ergonomics sighting devices handwheels mounting mode vehicle-mounted guns human-machine simulation experiments gray correlation method
分类号:
TP391.9
DOI:
10.14177/j.cnki.32-1397n.2019.43.06.009
摘要:
为提升车载炮瞄准机作战效能,优化其手轮安装方式。运用人机仿真实验方法,构建P5、P50、P95的数字化炮手依次操作3组不同安装方式手轮时的模型。针对炮手操作手轮行为姿势动态仿真,以可达域、下背部分析、快速上肢分析3项指标评价手轮安装方式对操作时人机工效的影响。结合灰色关联方法对评价数据计算处理,仿真结果显示第2组样本综合评价结果相对最优。提出手轮优化设计中应优先考虑采用2个手轮的轴线夹角为30°,高低机手轮轴线与火炮耳轴夹角为60°的安装方式; 相比较于轴线夹角90°、高低机手轮轴线与火炮耳轴平行的安装方式,下背部受力降低约30.02%,快速上肢评价等级降低约8.39%; 相比较于2个手轮轴线重合且均与火炮耳轴平行的安装方式,下背部受力降低约15.59%,快速上肢评价等级降低约3.68%。
Abstract:
In order to improve the combat effectiveness of the sighting device for a vehicle-mounted gun,its handwheel installation mode is optimized. The models of digital gunners P5,P50 and P95 operating three groups of handwheels with different installation modes are constructed using the human-machine simulation experiment method. Through the dynamic simulation of actions and postures of the digital gunners operating handwheels,the influence of the handwheel installation mode on the man-machine ergonomics is evaluated based on the reachable area,the lower back analysis and rapid upper limb assessment. Evaluation data are calculated and processed using the gray correlation method,and the simulation results show that the comprehensive evaluation results of the second group of samples are relatively optimal. In the optimal design of handwheels,priority should be given to the included angle between 2 handwheel axes at 30° and the included angle between elevating mechanism handwheel axis and gun trunnion at 60°; compared with the included angle between 2 handwheel axes at 90° and the elevating mechanism handwheel paralleling to the gun trunnion,the force on the lower back is reduced by about 30.02%,and the grade of rapid upper limb assessment is decreased by about 8.39%; compared with the axes of the two handwheels coinciding and both paralleling to the gun trunnion,the force on the lower back is reduced by about 15.59%,and the grade of rapid upper limb assessment is decreased by about 3.68%.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-08-10 修回日期:2019-10-14
基金项目:江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划(KYCX19_0277; KYCX18_0397)
作者简介:赵祎乾(1991-),男,博士生,主要研究方向:复杂系统操作界面人机交互行为仿真与评估,界面人机工效综合评价方法体系,E-mail:1355256445@qq.com。
引文格式:赵祎乾,吴天宇,顾森,等. 基于人机工效的瞄准机手轮安装方式优化设计[J]. 南京理工大学学报,2019,43(6):727-738.
投稿网址:http://zrxuebao.njust.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-12-31